Engineered formation of nanobubbles networks in water and aqueous solutions
Induced long range order, water structure and water memory
We present the idea that the anomalous effects of rf-treatments of
water and aqueous solution resulted from the formation of pliable
network of gas nanobubbles that has special hierarchical organization
. The emerged nanobubble network is the out come of a self
organization process due to the collective effect of bubble-bubble
exchange interactions. These exchange interactions are mediated by the
ordering of the water molecules surrounding the nanobubbles. Here we
discuss the specific example of engineered formation by rf-treatment.
Such nanobubble networks are likely to be formed also by acoustic
treatment or combination of rf and acoustic treatments.
The effects of the rf-treatments of water and aqueous solutions can be
amplified and stabilized by doping the water with low density of
insoluble nanoparticles . The process is owned by Do-Coop Technologies Ltd .
which produces Neowater. The process starts with reverse osmosis (RO)
water that is kept below the anomaly point (i.e. below 4�C) and is
irradiated by rf signal at 915 MHz at a power of 60 watt. After 10
minutes of rf-irradiation, sub-micron size powder of barium titanate
that is heated to about 900�C is dropped from the furnace into the
water and the rf- irradiation continuous for additional 5 minutes. Then
the water is placed at room temperature for two days, until most of the
source powder (that contains larger particles) sinks to the bottom and
the clear part of the water is separated.
- The effect of rf-irradiation on electrochemical deposition and its stabilization by nanoparticle doping
Yael Katsir, Lior Miller, Yakir Aharonov and Eshel Ben Jacob, J. Electrochemical Society (JES accepted)
- Engineered Self Organization in natural and man-made Systems.
Raichman, Tamir Gabay, Yael Katsir, Yoash Shapira and Eshel Ben-Jacob.
Continuum Models and Discrete Systems, Edited by Bergman D. et al
Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands,p.187-205 (2004)
- Bacteria harnessing complexity
E. Ben Jacob., Y. Aharonov and Y. Shapira. Biofilms.(2005) 1, 239�263
- manifestation of induced long range order?
Y., Katsir, L., Miller, E. Ben Jacob.,Y.Aharonov,